Australian Bobath Training Association

Member Articles

Our Members are accomplished professionals – here is a selection of their published articles.

Eckhardt G, Haase G, Brock K, Hummelsheim H (2016) The Interactive Dialogue in the Bobath concept: a mixed methods study. Int J Ther Rehabil 23: 233-42.

Ilett P, Lythgo N, Martin C, Brock K (2015) Balance and gait in people with Multiple Sclerosis: A comparison with healthy controls and the immediate change after an intervention based on the Bobath Concept. Physio Res Int doi: 10.1002/pri.1624

Hakkenes S, Hill K, Brock K, Bernhardt J, Churilov L (2012) Accessing inpatient rehabilitation after acute severe stroke: age, mobility, prestroke function, and hospital unit are associated with discharge to inpatient rehabilitation. Int J Rehabil Res 35:323-9

Clark E. Hill K. Punt T.D. (2012) Responsiveness of 2 Scales to Evaluate Lateropulsion or Pusher Syndrome Recovery After Stroke. Arch Phys Med Rehab, 93(1), pp.149-155.

Hakkennes S, Hill K, Brock K, Bernhardt J, Churilov L. (2013) Selection for inpatient rehabilitation after severe stroke: what factors influence rehabilitation assessor decision-making? J Rehabil Med 45:24-31.

Kennedy G, Brock K, Lunt A & Black S (2012) Factors influencing selection for rehabilitation after stroke. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 93:1457-9.

Hakkenes S, Brock K, Hill K (2011) Selection for inpatient rehabilitation after acute stroke: a systematic review of the literature. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 92:2057-70.

Brock K, Haase G, Rothacher G, Cotton S (2011) Does physiotherapy based on the Bobath concept, in conjunction with task practice, achieve greater improvement in walking ability in people with stroke compared to physiotherapy focused on structured task practice alone? A pilot randomised controlled trial. Clin Rehab 25:903-12.

Graven C, Brock K, Hill K, Ames D, Cotton S & Joubert L (2011) From rehabilitation to recovery: protocol for a randomised controlled trial evaluating a goal-based intervention to reduce depression and facilitate participation post-stroke. BMC Neurology 11:73 -82

Graven C, Brock K, Hill K & Joubert L (2011) Are rehabilitation and/or care co-ordination interventions delivered in the community effective in reducing depression, facilitating participation and improving quality of life after stroke? – a systematic review. Disabil & Rehabil 33:1501-20

Ilett P, Brock K, Graven C, Cotton S (2010) Selecting patients for rehabilitation after acute stroke: are there variations in practice? Arch Phys Med Rehabil:91;788-93.

Black S, Brock K, Kennedy G, Mackenzie M (2010) Is achievement of short-term goals a valid measure of patient progress in inpatient neurological rehabilitation? Clin Rehabil:24;373-79.

Brock K, Black S, Cotton S, Kennedy G, Wilson S & Sutton E. (2009) Goal achievement in the six months after inpatient rehabilitation for stroke. Disabil & Rehabil 31:880-6.

Graham, J, Eustace C, Brock K, Swain E, Irwin-Carruthers S. (2009) The Bobath concept in contemporary clinical practice. Top Stroke Rehabil 16:57-68.

Mehan R. Mackenzie M. Brock K. (2008) Skilled transfer training in stroke rehabilitation: a review of use and safety. International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation. 15(9), pp.382-9.

Brock K, Vale S & Cotton S. (2007) The effect of the introduction of a case mixed based funding model of rehabilitation for severe stroke: An Australian Experience. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 88:827-32

Luke C. Dodd KJ. Brock K. (2004) Outcomes of the Bobath concept on upper limb recovery following stroke. Clinical Rehabilitation. 18(8), pp.888-98.

Brock K, Goldie P & Greenwood K. (2002) Evaluating the effectiveness of stroke rehabilitation: choosing a discriminative measure. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 83: 92-9.

Brock K. Jennings K. Stevens J Picard S (2002) The Bobath concept has changed. (Comment on Critically Appraised Paper, Australian Journal of Physiotherapy 48: 59.) Australian Journal of Physiotherapy. 48(2), pp.156-157.

Brock K. Reid B. Goldie P. Greenwood K. (1998) Cost and quality: the challenge for physiotherapists in a casemix funded environment. Australian Journal of Physiotherapy. 44(4), pp.221-8.

Brock K. Robinson P. Simondson J. Goldie P. Nosworthy J. Greenwood K. (1997) Prediction of length of hospital stay following stroke. Journal of Quality in Clinical Practice. 17(1), pp.37-46.

Simondson J. Goldie P. Brock K. Nosworthy J. (1996) The mobility scale for acute stroke patients: Intra-rater and inter-rater reliability. Clinical Rehabilitation. 10(4), pp 295-300.

Reference Lists

IBITA keep a list of references of particular interest IBITA-instructors and Bobath trained therapists.

New Publications

Ting L, Chiel H, Trumbower R et al. Neuromechanical principles underlying movement modularity and their implications for rehabilitation. Neuron 2015;86:38-54. Free through pubmed –

The first author of this article is an engineer, which to me is both interesting and frightening (fear of physics). However, when they started using terms like “slop-timal” (somewhere between sloppy and optimal) and “good enough”, I felt a lot more comfortable. So here are some scientists explaining why people walk differently and can be pretty sloppy/ inefficient in our movement patterns. For an individual, the “motor modules” have been shown to be similar in different bio-mechanical conditions, eg. for walking at different speeds and for different balance tasks, whereas there can be a lot of variability in “motor modules” between individuals for the same task. And this is true also for the animal kingdom, different patterns of frog kicking would you believe. So now I know that in all those normal movement practicals, I have been identifying “slop-timal” movement and exploring more efficient options. Highly recommended.

Eckhart G, Haase G, Brock K, Hummelsheim H. The Interactive-Dialogue in the Bobath concept: a mixed methods study. International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation 2016;23:233-42. (If you have difficulty accessing the article, feel free to contact us at

I have to declare a conflict of interest here being an author. This is about the importance in the Bobath concept of the relationship between the therapist and patient at many levels; observing, talking/listening, sensing/perceiving, reflecting, reacting/adapting. There is a strong focus on the patient’s learning. The study identifies differences between the way Bobath trained and non Bobath trained therapists view the interaction between patients and therapists.


There is an exciting new publication by the British Bobath Tutors Association:

Raine S, Meadows L, Lynch-Ellerington M. eds (2009) Bobath Concept theory and clinical practice in neurological rehabilitation Sussex UK  Wiley – Blackwell

This text is generally available and stocked at:


For all of you who have been asking – “where can I go for further reading about the Bobath Concept – here it is!!

Bente Gjelsvik, a Norwegian Bobath Instructor has written:
Gjelsvik BE The Bobath Concept in Adult Neurology Stuttgart Germany: Thieme 2008

It was published in 2008 and is available now available in Australia.  It is a great reference book, widely available and also stocked at: